The Antiquity in Drawing, Plan and Architectural Survey: Primary Documentation of the 19th and 20th centuries at the German Archaeological Institute in Rome
The archive of the German Archaeological Institute in Rome preserves, among others, two collections of manual drawings: "The Historical Archive" consisting of drawings mainly going back to the foundation of the Institute in 1829 until the first decades of the 20th century. The other collection, "The Architectural Archive", initiated with the reopening of the Institute in 1953, contains large-scale graphical documentation created during archaeological fieldwork. These drawings show a wide range of monuments such as architectural structures, panoramas, layouts and reconstructive plans in addition to sheets showing topographical maps and a variety of finds within different categories.
The unique drawings, paintings, plans, sections and sketches of both collections depict ancient monuments and objects, many of which are lost, destroyed, damaged or altered nowadays, for instance due to restoration or environmental impact. Hence, these drawings have not only an artistic value, but rather constitute a very important testimony of the illustrated individual objects and monuments. At the same time these collections represent a part of the history of the archaeological research.
Within this project, the complete "Historical Archive" and selected parts of the "Architectural Archive" will be digitized and catalogued appropriately in order to provide a permanent worldwide online access. Via Arachne and ZENON-DAI the digitized material will be scientifically contextualized and virtually available on a sustained basis and free of charge. The integration of bibliographical meta data, registered for each sheet individually in ZENON-DAI, is carried out via an interface in Arachne where the drawings are visualized within the iDAI.bookbrowser as well as the DFG-viewer.
The technological processing allows a virtual browsing experience that simulates the - until now - locally restricted physical insight, supplemented by additional information. The aggregated digital data will be connected to the EU initiatives CARARE and Europeana and accessible worldwide via the CLAROS network.